Cervical spinal cord injury
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Cervical Spinal Cord Injury:
Cervical spinal cord injuries involve damage to the spinal cord in the neck region and are classified based on the severity and location of the injury. Here's a breakdown of types:
Incomplete Cervical Spinal Cord Injury:
Involves partial damage to the spinal cord.
Individuals may retain some sensory or motor function below the level of injury.
Subtypes include anterior cord syndrome, central cord syndrome, and Brown-Sequard syndrome.
Complete Cervical Spinal Cord Injury:
Results in total loss of sensory and motor function below the level of injury.
Typically associated with more severe trauma or damage to the spinal cord.
Affects all four limbs and the torso.
Injury at the cervical level can lead to varying degrees of paralysis in the arms, hands, trunk, legs, and pelvic organs.
Affects the lower limbs and, in some cases, the trunk.
Injury occurs below the cervical level, usually in the thoracic or lumbar region.
High Cervical Spinal Cord Injury (C1-C4):
Most severe injuries, often resulting in tetraplegia.
Impacts the muscles of the neck, head, and, in severe cases, may require assistance with breathing.
Low Cervical Spinal Cord Injury (C5-C8):
Affects the upper extremities to varying degrees.
Individuals may have some arm and hand function, allowing for greater independence.
Central Cord Syndrome:
Typically caused by hyperextension injuries.
More common in older individuals.
Results in greater impairment of upper extremities compared to lower extremities.
Results from damage to one side of the spinal cord.
Causes motor function loss on one side and sensory loss on the opposite side of the body.
Diagnosis and Treatment:
Diagnosis involves clinical evaluation, imaging studies (MRI, CT scan), and neurological assessments.
Treatment may include stabilization of the spine, surgical intervention, rehabilitation, and supportive care.
NYPMD Specialists for Cervical Spinal Cord Injury:
Specialized evaluation by NYPMD neurosurgeons and specialists outside New York.
Expertise in managing cervical spinal cord injuries through comprehensive and individualized care.
Collaborative approach with rehabilitation specialists for optimal recovery.